Cornwall Hospitality Ltd.
  • By admin
  • / 19, January 2024

Premier Grand Cru wines, often referred to as “first growth” or “first classified growth” wines, represent the pinnacle of quality and prestige in the world of fine wine. These wines hail predominantly from Bordeaux, France, and are classified based on the quality and historical reputation of the vineyards they originate from. Premier Grand Cru wines are among the most sought-after and revered wines in the world, commanding astronomical prices at auctions and on the wine market.

Here are some key aspects to know about Premier Grand Cru wines:

  • Bordeaux Origin: The concept of Premier Grand Cru wines originates from the Bordeaux wine region in southwestern France. Bordeaux is divided into several sub-regions, with the most famous being the Médoc, where the classification system for these wines was first established in 1855.
  • Classification System: The Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855, known as the “Bordeaux Classification,” is the foundation of Premier Grand Cru wines. It classified 61 of the region’s top Châteaux into five different growth levels, or “crus.” The Premier Grand Cru category, or “First Growth,” included only five Châteaux: Château Lafite Rothschild, Château Margaux, Château Latour, Château Haut-Brion, and Château Mouton Rothschild (elevated from Second Growth in 1973).
  • Exceptional Terroir: Premier Grand Cru vineyards are selected for their exceptional terroir, which includes factors like soil composition, microclimate, and topography. These factors contribute to the unique character and quality of the grapes grown there.
Vineyards near the village of Sauternes, in Bordeaux
  • Bordeaux Varietals: Premier Grand Cru wines are typically blends of specific Bordeaux grape varieties, such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, and Malbec. The exact proportions vary depending on the Château and the sub-region.
  • Ageing Potential: Premier Grand Cru wines are renowned for their ageing potential. Many of these wines can evolve and improve for decades, sometimes even centuries. They undergo extended ageing in oak barrels and then in the bottle before they are considered ready to drink.
  • Rarity and Value: Due to their limited production and high demand, Premier Grand Cru wines are some of the most expensive and collectible wines in the world. Auctions, wine merchants, and private collectors often vie for these bottles, and prices can reach astronomical levels.
  • Global Reputation: Premier Grand Cru wines from Bordeaux have set a global benchmark for quality and have inspired winemakers worldwide to strive for excellence. Their reputation extends far beyond Bordeaux, influencing wine production practices in regions from Napa Valley to Tuscany.
  • Bordeaux’s Legacy: The Bordeaux Classification of 1855 remains largely unchanged, and the Premier Grand Cru wines from this classification continue to define Bordeaux’s reputation as one of the world’s premier wine regions.

In conclusion, Premier Grand Cru wines are the epitome of excellence in the world of fine wine, with a history and tradition that spans centuries. These wines represent the perfect synergy between terroir, grape varieties, and winemaking expertise, making them highly sought-after treasures for wine enthusiasts and collectors worldwide.

Vintage wines and port (see also my port wine blog)  make great gifts for anniversaries,  birthdays and special occasions.


Premier grand cru wines can be purchased from Vintage Wine and Port